The world is constantly changing. Advances in science and technology have generated a globalized society, which faces many challenges, one of them is the criminal phenomenon.
Crime evolved to levels never imagined, growing exponentially across borders and affecting a greater number of people. The impact of certain criminal acts has consequences not only at the local level, but also reaches the international level.
In this context, International Criminal Law acquires greater relevance, being that subject that studies and analyzes the greatest crimes, which by their particular nature affect all the world.
The commission of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocide has marked the history of humanity and demanded the presence of international tribunals. However, the growth of transnational organized crime activities has also severely affected the world, both physical and digital.
This book focuses on some essential aspects of the development of this novel legal matter, which details its importance from different perspectives, combining the theoretical and practical experience of its authors, all recognized specialists in the field of International Criminal Law.
(*) Livro escrito em Inglês
CHAPTER ONE. TECHNOLOGICAL AND BUSINESS ASPECTS
I. THE CONCEPT OF “AI”. OPACITY AND SOCIETAL IMPACT. Oriol Pujol
1. Classification of the concepts of AI
2. AI as the catalyst of digital transformation across industries
3. The role of machine learning
4. Business cases and applications in the legal practice
5. Challenges and trends
CHAPTER TWO. ETHICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS
I. PHILOSOPHICAL AND ETHICAL CHALLENGES OF AI. THE IMPORTANCE OF AWARENESS. José Ignacio Latorre
1. The dawn of AI ethics
2. Machines that decide
3. Undoing old ethics
4. Steps toward ethics for machines
5. Programming ethics
6. Conclusion: EU ethics guidelines for AI
II. SOFT-LAW, SELF-REGULATION AND COMPLIANCE IN AI. Francisco Pérez Bes
1. How to regulate AI?
2. The adaptation of legislation to the new AI scenario
3. The development of a new body of rules for AI
4. The system of codes of conduct in current regulations
CHAPTER THREE. THE GREAT LEGAL PROBLEMS OF AI
I. THE REGULATORY CHALLENGES OF AI. AN OVERVIEW. Pablo García Mexía J.D., Ph.D.
1. What do we mean by "AI"?
2. Is the law prepared to meet the challenges of AI?
3. Reactions from the legal field
II. EQUALITY AND AI. BIAS AND DISCRIMINATION. Dr. Marina Serrat Romaní
1. Towards a fairer society
2. Bias and discrimination
III. AI AND PRIVACY. PHYSICAL RISKS, LOGICAL RISKS. A VIEW FROM LATIN AMERICA. Guillermo A. Tenorio Cueto
1. AI and privacy. A view from Latin America
2. By way of conclusion
CHAPTER FOUR. LEGAL REMEDIES FOR A HUMAN-CENTERED AI
I. THE PRINCIPLE OF THE RULE OF LAW IN THE REGULATION OF AI. Oreste Pollicino and Giovanni De Gregorio
2. The Rule of Law in Digital Transition
3. Algorithms and the Public Sphere
4. Automated Decision-making and Personal Data
5. Horizontal Effects and New Rights
II. LIABILITY RULES FOR AI: AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH TO MANAGE RISK AND UNCERTAINTY. Argyri Panezi
1. AI is not a big red button
2. AI meets liability rules
3. Managing risks and uncertainties: individual or collective liability?
4. Holding artificial agents liable
5. Conclusion: the animals and the zoo
Jesús Edmundo Coronado Contreras
Ricardo Cacho García
Laura Coronado Contreras
Jesús Edmundo Coronado Contreras
Adrián Estrada Mena
Ana Laura Hernández Martínez
Thogori Mary Mathenge
Miguel Ángel Ortega Muñoz
Víctor Manuel Palacios Certucha
Concetta Mariagrazia Passamano
Rodrigo Alejandro Ramos Gómez
Mónica Rocha Herrera
Keyla Harummi Vargas Rojas
Jimena Sofia Viveros Álvarez